The invading army reached the outskirts of Rome, which had been left totally undefended. The Visigoths looted, burned, and pillaged their way through the city, leaving a wake of destruction wherever they went. The plundering continued for three days.
Vasco da Gama lands at Calicut20 May The closing of the traditional trade routes in western Asia by the Ottoman Empireand rivalry with the Italian states, sent Portugal in search of an alternate sea route to India. The first successful voyage to India was by Vasco da Gama inwhen after sailing around the Cape of Good Hope he arrived in Calicutnow in Kerala.
Having arrived there, he obtained from Saamoothiri Rajah permission to trade in the city. The navigator was received with traditional hospitality, but an interview with the Saamoothiri Zamorin failed to produce any definitive results. Vasco da Gama requested permission to leave Decolonization in india factor behind in charge of the merchandise he could not sell; his request was refused, and the king insisted that Gama should pay customs duty like any other trader, which strained their relations.
In Albuquerque conquered the city of Goawhich had been controlled by Muslims. He inaugurated the policy of marrying Portuguese soldiers and sailors with local Indian girls, the consequence of which was a great miscegenation in Goa and other Portuguese territories in Asia.
In this, the Jesuits played a fundamental role, and to this day the Jesuit missionary Saint Francis Xavier is revered among the Catholics of India. They built the St.
Angelo Fort at Kannur to guard their possessions in North Malabar. The rest of Decolonization in india northern province, with the exception of Daman and Diuwas lost to the Maratha Empire in the early 18th century. This led to the marriage of Princess Catherine of Portugal to Charles II of Englandwho imposed a dowry that included the insular and less inhabited areas of southern Bombay while the Portuguese managed to retain all the mainland territory north of Bandra up to Thana and Bassein.
This was the beginning of the English presence in India. They conquered Ceylon from the Portuguese. Ceylon was lost at the Congress of Vienna in the aftermath of the Napoleonic Warswhere the Dutch having fallen subject to France, saw their colonies raided by Britain.
The Dutch later became less involved in Indiaas they had the Dutch East Indies now Indonesia as their prized possession. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
These companies were intended to carry on the lucrative spice trade, and they focused their efforts on the areas of production, the Indonesian archipelago and especially the " Spice Islands ", and on India as an important market for the trade.
The close proximity of London and Amsterdam across the North Seaand the intense rivalry between England and the Netherlands, inevitably led to conflict between the two companies, with the Dutch gaining the upper hand in the Moluccas previously a Portuguese stronghold after the withdrawal of the English inbut with the English enjoying more success in India, at Suratafter the establishment of a factory in Hostilities ceased after the Glorious Revolution ofwhen the Dutch prince William of Orange ascended the English throne, bringing peace between the Netherlands and England.
A deal between the two nations left the more valuable spice trade of the Indonesian archipelago to the Netherlands and the textiles industry of India to England, but textiles overtook spices in terms of profitability, so that byin terms of sales, the English company had overtaken the Dutch.
East India Company[ edit ] See also: Company rule in India In Mir Jafarthe commander in chief of the army of the Nawab of Bengalalong with Jagat SethMaharaja Krishna NathUmi Chand and some others, secretly connived with the British, asking support to overthrow the Nawab in return for trade grants.
The British forces, whose sole duty until then was guarding Company property, were numerically inferior to the Bengali armed forces.
Jafar was installed on the throne as a British subservient ruler. The caption was "New crowns for old ones! This trade, unlawful in China since it was outlawed by the Qing dynasty inhelped reverse the trade imbalances resulting from the British imports of tea, which saw large outflows of silver from Britain to China.
Inthe confiscation by the Chinese authorities at Canton of 20, chests of opium led Britain to attack China in the First Opium Warand the seizure by Britain of the island of Hong Kong, at that time a minor settlement. Ina local rebellion by an army of sepoys escalated into the Rebellion ofwhich took six months to suppress with heavy loss of life on both sides, although the loss of British lives is in the range of a few thousand, the loss on the Indian side was in the hundreds of thousands.
The resistance, although short-lived, was triggered by British East India Company attempts to expand its control of India. According to Olson, several reasons may have triggered the Rebellion.On the other hand, the development of Dominion status, and decisions on Indian and African independence had antecedents that went back much further than the difficult economic circumstances that attended those episodes of decolonization.
Indianizing Film: Decolonization, the Andes, and the Question of Technology (New Directions in International Studies) [Freya Schiwy] on initiativeblog.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Latin American indigenous media production has recently experienced a noticeable boom, .
The growth of the British Empire was due in large part to the ongoing competition for resources and markets which existed over a period of centuries between England and her Continental rivals, Spain, France, and Holland. Transcript of Decolonization in india The Decolonization of India by Piyali Pramanik and Tiffanie Jacob India was colonized by Great Britain.
India became a British colony after the Nawab of Bengal and his French allies lost the Battle of Plassey in to Britain. This is an essential companion to the process of decolonization – perhaps one of the most important historical processes of the twentieth century.
Decolonization and Nationalism in Indonesia, Vietnam, India & Pakistan Chapter 23 / Lesson 9 Transcript Video.