An introduction to the psychology

The student in this course will be able to compare and discuss the various historical foundations of the field of Psychology, to include Structuralism, Functionalism, Behaviorist, Gestalt Psychology, and Psychoanalysis. The student will be able to compare and discuss the various contemporary perspectives of the field of Psychology, to include Evolutionary and Biological, Cognitive and Social Learning, Humanistic-Existential, Psychodynamic, Sociocultural, and Epigenetic perspectives. The student will explore and understand the use of the scientific method and supportive statistics as a research tool for further psychological knowledge in the study of behavior and mental processes, as well as examine ethical issues in psychological research and practice.

An introduction to the psychology

Psychodynamic Psychology Current Outlooks in Psychology[ edit ] Attempts to explain all behavior by reference to only one systematic position have been abondened. The modern trend is to limit areas of study to particular aspects of behavior. These areas are called specialties and can be grouped into several broad approaches to the study of behavior.

Many psychologists take an eclectic position. Emphasizes unconscious drives and the resolution of conflicts. Emphases the acquisition and alteration of observable responses.

Achieve or maximize human potential, also called self-actualization. Based on physiological explanations of behavior. Is based on genes, evolution and natural selection. Some more recent perspectives are: This examines internal mental processes such as problem solving, memory, and language.

Compares idfferent ethnic or cultural groups. Over half of all psychologists work in this field. Clinical psychologists are more likely to treat or conduct research into the causes of abnormal behaviors, while counseling psychologists more often work with mild social or emotional problems.

An introduction to the psychology

Typically people seeking the help of a counselor are not classified as abnormal or mentally ill. Educational and School Psychology: Educational psychologists are concerned with the use of psycholgy to increase the effectiveness of the learning esperience, including facilities, curricula, teaching techniques, and student problems.

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A school psychologist assess, counsel or guide students who have emotional or academic problems. Industrial and organizational psychology applies psychological knowledge and methods to aid workers and organizations. Consumer behaviour is the study of how people buy, what they buy, when they buy and why they buy.

See link Forensic Psychology: Environmental psychology is an interdisciplinary field focused on the interplay between humans and their surroundings.

An introduction to the psychology

Areas of study include pollution effects, recycling efforts, and the study of stress generated by different physical settings.Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and cognitive processes.

The purpose of psychology is to describe thinking and behavior and look at the relationships between them and try to explain the causes for them. When a psychologist describes behavior or thought he does so to understand. When you teach Introduction to Psychology, do you find it difficult — much harder than teaching classes in statistics or research methods?

Do you easily give a lecture on the sympathetic nervous system, a lecture on Piaget, and a lecture on social cognition, but struggle with linking these topics together for the student?

Do you feel like you are . The purpose of an introduction in a psychology paper is to justify the reasons for writing about your topic. Your goal in this section is to introduce the topic to the reader, provide an overview of previous research on the topic and identify your own hypothesis.

What Is Psychology? Learning Objectives By the end of this section, you will be able to: • Understand the etymology of the word “psychology”.

AP Psychology: CLEP and AP Psychology exams are based on college-level introductory psychology courses, and much of the material covered in this AP course is also covered in the CLEP exam.

CLEP test takers may use this course as a study resource. Course Requirements The purpose of this course is to introduce students to the topics and issues that psychologists study, the research methods they employ, their major findings, and the ways in which psychologists apply the research findings to the solution of personal and societal problems.

Introduction to Psychology: Exploration and Application by Dennis Coon